This article waslast modified on 10 July 2017.
Combined chemical and physical process that takes place in the body, involves the distribution of nutrients, and results in growth, energy production, elimination of wastes, and other body functions. There are two basic phases of metabolism: anabolism, the constructive phase, during which small molecules resulting from the digestive process are built up into complex compounds that form the tissues and organs of the body; and catabolism, the destructive phase, during which larger molecules are broken down into simpler substances with the release of energy.