This article waslast modified on 10 July 2017.
Acidosis with an accumulation of fat breakdown products called ketone bodies, occurring primarily as a complication of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus. It is characterized by a fruity breath odour, nausea and vomiting, shortness of breath, mental confusion, and, if untreated, coma (diabetic coma). Treatment includes administration of insulin and fluids and the correction of electrolyte imbalance.