Screening Tests for Adults

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Not everyone in this age group may need screening for every condition listed here. Click on the links above to read more about each condition and to determine if screening may be appropriate for you or your family member. You should discuss screening options with your health care practitioner.

Diabetes

This difficult-to-manage disease is now occurring with alarming frequency, affecting Britons at a younger age and certain ethnic groups in particular. Many are unaware that they have the disease, and there is concern about the complications that can develop. The current view from the UK National Screening Committee is that there is no justification for population screening for diabetes in the United Kingdom. However, there is some support for screening and commencing intense treatment in population sub-groups in whom undiagnosed diabetes and coronary heart disease are especially prevalent. In individuals opportunistically identified as being at high risk of heart disease, additional testing for hyperglycaemia may be of benefit. Although the complications of diabetes are of public health importance, an appropriate strategy is to optimise management of blood pressure and hyperglycaemia in people with known diabetes and to ensure universal screening for eye disease and prompt treatment. It is unclear whether population screening for diabetes would significantly improve outcomes.
Obesity, hypertension, high cholesterol, inactivity, and a family history of diabetes are some of the factors that increase your risk of developing diabetes. Some ethnic groups, particularly South Asians and Afro-Caribbeans have a higher prevalence of the condition.
For further information see the Diabetes UK website.