Physiotherapy and exercise form are vital. They are particularly effective in preventing long term stiffness.
Many patients use NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs) which are painkillers similar to ibuprofen or aspirin. Other important treatments include immune suppressants such as methotrexate or sulfasalazine. Newer drugs include Etanercept and Infliximab which act against a protein called TNF and bisphosphonates.